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         New Products              Laser Marking Heads (Laser Scanners, Optical Scanners, Scan Heads)

 

 

A whole laser marking head (or called laser scanner) consists of two scan mirrors, two galvanometers (or called galvo-scanner motor) & drive cards, a XY mount, a scanning lens (f-theta lens), an interface card (or called D/A card), a set of marking software and a DC power supply. Two types of scanning optics for CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers are available.

 

Basics of 2-axis laser scanners

 

A laser beam is reflected from two scan mirrors in turn, and directed through a focusing lens. The mirrors are capable of high speed deflection about a rotation axis, being driven by a galvo-scanner motor. In most cases the maximum deflection angle of the mirror is ±12.5° (often ±10° is a safer limit) either side of the non-deflected incidence angle of 45°.

 

Note that, for best performance, the lens will appear to be ‘the wrong way round’ when compared with a standard meniscus lens used in conventional focusing of a laser beam.

 

Some of the design objectives in specification of 2-axis laser scanners are:

  • Achievement of desired scanned field size

  • Maximization of scan speeds

  • Minimizing focused spot sizes

  • Lowest cost solutions

Some of the limitations to be considered are:

 

  • Quality factor Q (Q = M2) of the laser beam

  • Scan angle limitations

  • Loss of power due to beam-clipping

  • Physical aperture of the scanner head

Field of scan

 

The laser beam will be scanned over an angle q, equal to twice the mirror deflection angle. So, the typical scanned field might be q=±20° in both X and Y directions. (q=±25° would be the usual maximum scanned field). The field size is then approximately 2Ftanq in both X and Y.

 

The approximation arises because:

 

1) it is usually desirable to have a deliberate distortion characteristic in the scanner lens design so that the field position is proportional to q, not tanq.

2) scanning in two axes produces a geometrical distortion which is unrelated to the lens properties.

 

Focused spot size

 

The lower limit on spot size ‘d’ (1/e2 intensity diameter) for a laser beam of diameter ‘D’ (1/e2) is:

 

d = 13.5QF/D mm

 

Example: A TEM00 beam (Q=1) of 13.5mm (1/e2) diameter, focused by a perfect lens of 100mm focal length, will form a focused spot of 100mm diameter. (Taking a more realistic value of Q=1.5, the spot size would be 150mm).

 

Beam clipping and optical aberrations can lead to focused spot sizes which are larger than the minimum diffraction limited value found from the equation above.

 

Large field sizes demand the use of lenses of long focal length. In turn, this leads to increased focused spot size unless the beam diameter, mirror sizes, and lens diameter are all increased.

 

Spot sizes are given in the form of an average spot size over the whole, maximum, field-of-scan. A second figure, the standard deviation from average spot size, gives a measure of variation of the spot size to be expected over the field.

 

Beam clipping

 

The physical aperture of a laser scanner is often limited by a circular aperture of the scanner head, of diameter ‘A’ mm, say.

 

Beam clipping can occur at a circular aperture, even for a well-centred beam, when the ‘tails’ of the beam energy distribution is blocked by the metalwork. The percentage power loss at a circular aperture, for a TEM00 beam (Q=1) is shown in the following table:

 

Table: Power Loss

A/D

0.8

1

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2

Loss %

27.8

13.5

5.6

1.98

0.6

0.15

0.03

 

The table indicates that, where the physical aperture of the scanner is limited to A mm diameter, the laser beam diameter D (1/e2) must be selected by a compromise between reduced spot size and power loss due to beam clipping. A value of D = A/1.4 would probably be acceptable for most laser scanner systems. Power loss due to beam clipping increases for de-centred beams.

 

Mirror design

 

Mirror (1) (or called Scan Mirror X)

 

The width of mirror (1) is determined by the beam diameter. It is easier to discuss this in terms of a ‘full beam diameter’ DF, where the definition of full diameter is, to some extent, arbitrary.

 

For example, a system designer might define DF as the measured diameter of a beam print in perspex [plexiglass]. Alternatively, DF may be the measured 99% power points, or perhaps a value chosen in the range 1.4D to 1.6D.

 

The mirror width W1 is slightly larger than the selected value of DF, sufficient to allow for minor misalignment. The length of mirror (1) is determined by the maximum angle of incidence imax on the mirror. Let a= (90°-imax). Then the mirror length is L1, where L1 = W1/sina. The large shape ‘chamfers’ on scanner mirrors are determined by the separation, S1, between mirrors (1) and (2); the scan angles, and the need that the mirrors should not collide during scanning.

 

Mirror (2) (or called Scan Mirror Y)

 

The width of mirror (2), W2, should be identical to the length of mirror (1). The length, L2, of mirror (2) is found from projection of the beam onto the second mirror at a distance of S1, and at maximum scan angle q. These mirrors are built and coated specifically for use with CO2 or YAG lasers. They have a very high laser damage threshold, measured at 1000W/mm of 1/e2 beam diameter (D).

 

F-theta characteristic

 

Lenses described as being ‘F-theta’, or ‘Fq’, type are designed so as to produce an off-axis spot at a location proportional to the scan angle. In turn, this may be directly proportional to a voltage applied to the galvo scanner motor. (A lens with zero distortion would form a spot at a field location of Ftanq). No 2-axis galvo scanner can have a true F-theta characteristic, due to distortion from use of two mirrors. Single-element lenses are designed to be the best compromise between smallest spot size and F-theta characteristic. Errors in F-theta characteristic are usually 2% - 3% for these single element lenses. Multi-element lenses allow design freedom enabling a closer approach to F-theta performance. Fq errors <0.36% are typical for this range, with only the 75mm FL type having a slightly greater value.

 

Lens design

 

All scanning lens designs are based on factors described above. For typical small scanner systems, limited to perhaps 10mm or 15mm full beam diameter, lenses of 48mm diameter have been found to be suitable. For 15mm beams, this lens size is only possible by minimizing the distances S1 and M2L. Each class of lens is designed for use with a specific range of beam diameters, and, more importantly, for a specific set of values S1 and M2L.

 

In each case the lens is designed to provide the best compromise performance for flat field, spot size and F-theta characteristic for the specified beam diameter and mirror locations, while avoiding beam-clipping at the lens mount.

 

For certain (longer focal length, single-element) lenses it is possible to obtain an improvement in performance by increasing the distance M2L. This necessitates the design/use of lenses of larger diameter (to avoid beam clipping).

 

Options

Beam expander

 

Description of Part Number:  LSxx-xxxx-yy-zzz-AAAA-BB

LSxx: laser scanner. xx means the galvos such as ST, CT, SL or HL.

xxxx: laser wavelength.

yy:  maximum input laser beam diameter.

zzz: marking field, which depends on the used f-theta lens.

AAAA: galvo model number

BB: outlines and dimensions

 

CO2 laser marking heads at 10.6um

Part number

Wave-

length

um

Max input beam dia. mm

Mark area

mm

Focused beam dia. um

Model of galvo

Outline

Dimension

LxWxH,mm

LSST-10.6-10-105-8161-2A

10.6

10

105x105

171

OSST8161

F2

128X98X92

LSST-10.6-12-105-8062-2B

10.6

12

105x105

171

OSST8062

F2

155X118X128

LSST-10.6-12-105-8062-3A

10.6

12

105x105

171

OSST8062

F3

155X118X128

LSST-10.6-15-105-8061-3B

10.6

15

105x105

171

OSST8061

F3

180X145X148

LSST-10.6-20-105-8061-3B

10.6

20

105x105

171

OSST8061

F3

180X145X148

LSST-10.6-25-105-3808-2C

10.6

25

105x105

171

OSST3808

F2

205X162X178

LSST-10.6-32-105-3808-2C

10.6

32

105x105

171

OSST3808

F2

205X162X178

LSCT-10.6-12-105-6230

10.6

12

105x105

171

6230

F4

165x124x136

LSCT-10.6-12-105-6231

10.6

12

105x105

171

6231

F4

165x124x136

LSSL-10.6-7-105-XS

10.6

7

105x105

171

OSSL-XS

F5

78x69x77

LSSL-10.6-10-105-S

10.6

10

105x105

171

OSSL-S

F5

115x96x94

LSSL-10.6-14-105-M

10.6

14

105x105

171

OSSL-M

F5

133x99x105

LSHL-10.6-10-105-S10A

10.6

10

105x105

171

S10A

F6

143x123x113

LSGT-10.6-10-105-S10B

10.6

10

105x105

171

S10B

F7

140x116x105

LSGT/2-10.6-10-105-S10B

10.6

10

105x105

171

S10B

F8

145x125x115

F-theta lens STSL-10.6-105-150 is used in above specifications. LSSL, LSHL & LSGT marking heads are digital heads and their port is XY2-100.

 

Nd:YAG laser and fiber laser marking heads at 1064nm

Part number

Wave-

length

um

Max input beam dia. mm

Mark area

mm

Focused beam dia. um

Model of galvo

Outline

Dimension

LxWxH, mm

LSST-1064-12-110-8062-2B

1064

12

110x110

18

OSST8062

F2

155X118X128

LSST-1064-12-110-8062-3A

1064

12

110x110

18

OSST8062

F3

155X118X128

LSST-1064-15-110-8061-3B

1064

15

110x110

18

OSST8061

F3

180X145X148

LSST-1064-20-110-8061-3B

1064

20

110x110

18

OSST8061

F3

180X145X148

LSST-1064-25-110-3808-2C

1064

25

110x110

18

OSST3808

F2

205X162X178

LSST-1064-32-110-3808-2C

1064

32

110x110

18

OSST3808

F2

205X162X178

LSCT-1064-12-110-6230

1064

12

110x110

18

6230

F4

165x124x136

LSCT-1064-12-110-6231

1064

12

110x110

18

6231

F4

165x124x136

LSSL-1064-7-110-XS 1064 7 110x110 18 OSSL-XS F5

78x69x77

LSSL-1064-10-110-S

1064

10

110x110

18

OSSL-S

F5

115x96x94

LSSL-1064-14-110-M 1064 14 110x110 18 OSSL-M F5

133x99x105

LSHL-1064-10-110-S10A

1064

10

110x110

18

S10A

F6

143x123x113

LSGT-1064-10-110-S10B

1064

10

110x110

18

S10B

F7

140x116x105

LSGT/2-1064-10-110-S10B

1064

10

110x110

18

S10B

F8

145x125x115

Remark: 1) F-theta lens STY-1064-110-160 is used in above specifications.

              2) LSSL, LSHL & LSGT marking heads are digital heads and their port is XY2-100.


Nd:YAG laser marking heads at 532nm

Part number

Wave-

length

um

Max input beam dia. mm

Mark area

mm

Focused beam dia. um

Model of galvo

Outline

Dimension

LxWxH,mm

LSST-532-10-110-8161-2A

532

10

110x110

15

OSST8161

F2

128X98X92

LSST-532-12-110-8062-2B

532

12

110x110

15

OSST8062

F2

155X118X128

LSST-532-12-110-8062-3A

532

12

110x110

15

OSST8062

F3

155X118X128

LSST-532-15-110-8061-3B

532

15

110x110

15

OSST8061

F3

180X145X148

LSST-532-20-110-8061-3B

532

20

110x110

15

OSST8061

F3

180X145X148

LSST-532-25-110-3808-2C

532

25

110x110

15

OSST3808

F2

205X162X178

LSST-532-32-110-3808-2C

532

32

110x110

15

OSST3808

F2

205X162X178

LSCT-532-12-110-6230

532

12

110x110

18

6230

F4

165x124x136

LSCT-532-12-110-6231

532

12

110x110

18

6231

F4

165x124x136

LSSL-532-7-110-XS 532 7 110x110 18 OSSL-XS F5

78x69x77

LSSL-532-10-110-S

532

10

110x110

18

OSSL-S

F5

115x96x94

LSSL-532-14-110-M 532 14 110x110 18 OSSL-M F5

133x99x105

LSHL-532-10-110-S10A

532

10

110x110

18

S10A

F6

143x123x113

LSGT-532-10-110-S10B

532

10

110x110

18

S10B

F7

140x116x105

LSGT/2-532-10-110-S10B

532

10

110x110

18

S10B

F8

145x125x115

F-theta lens STY-532-110-160 is used in above specifications. LSSL, LSHL & LSGT marking heads are digital heads and their port is XY2-100.

 

Remark:  

  • The marking field of our standard marking head is 105x105mm (CO2 laser) or 110x110mm (Nd:YAG laser). Other mark fields are available upon request. In fact, the marking field depends on the f-theta lens. Thus you may prepare a few f-theta lenses with different marking fields for your various applications.

  • The focused beam diameter is theoretical calculation for reference only and actual focused beam diameter depends on beam expander, f-theta lens and laser.

  • In LSCT series marking heads, the galvos and drivers are made in the USA. In LSSL series marking heads, the galvos, drivers and scan mirrors are made in Germany.

  • All above analogue marking heads can be converted into digital marking heads via a D/A convertor as follows:

       

In order to meet the experienced customers’ requirement on cost, we also supply BASIC laser marking head which just includes the basic parts such as galvanometers and drivers, scan mirrors, DC power supply and all mechanical parts. BASIC marking heads are integrated and aligned for use. The model numbers will be LSCT-xxxx-yy-AAAA-BASIC or LSST-xxxx-yy-AAAA-BASIC.

 

*  Whole marking head, including (1) integrated marking head (galvanometer & its driver, scan mirror, f-theta lens and all mechanical parts. Aligned for use. (2) marking card LMX-1 & marking software and (3) DC power supply.

BASIC marking head, including integrated marking head (galvanometer & its driver, scan mirror), DC power supply & all mechanical parts. Aligned for use.

 

LSSL Series Laser Marking Heads (Made in Germany)

LSSL-BC

The standard scan head for laser labeling
The LLSL-BC 10's full 10-mm aperture is ideal for use with fiber lasers. Its ultra-compact housing facilitates very straightforward integration into production lines. And it offers impressive dynamics, e.g. 800 cps with good writing quality.

LLSL-BC is available for four different wavelengths (355 nm, 532 nm, 1064 nm or 10600 nm) and is combinable with a variety of objectives. Control is via the digital XY2-100 protocol.

 

Specifications

Dynamic

Aperture [mm]

10

Tracking error [ms] 0.14

Typical speed

Marking speed [m/s]

2.5

Positioning speed [m/s] 12
Good quality writing Speed [cps] 800
High quality writing Speed [cps] 570
Step response time
1% of full scale [ms] 0.35
10% of full scale [ms] 1.0

Precision & Stability

Repeatability (RMS) [urad]

<2.0

Positioning resolution [Bit]

16

Non-linearity

<3.5mrad/44

Temperature drift

offset [urad/K] <30
Gain [ppm/K] <160
Long term drift (8 hrs)
Offset [urad] <100
Gain [ppm] <250

Further Specifications

Optical performance
Typical scan angle [rad] ±0.35
Gain error [mrad] <5
Zero offset [mrad] <5

Power requirement

±15 VDC, 3A each

Interface

XY2-100

Operating Temperature (°C)

25  ± 10

 

LSSL

Portable size, Fast speed, High accuracy

 

LSSL series laser marking head is an ultra-compact one which delivers excellent dynamics and superior product quality in a minimum-size package. The solid performance of the marking heads is made possible by the new, miniaturized servo amplifiers and industry-proven OSSL series galvanometer optical scanners. Aperture of 7, 10 and 14mm are available.

 

Sealed against water and dust, the LSSL robust and exceptionally compact housing facilitates straightforward integration into production environments-even confined, difficult to-access locations. A wide variety of objectives can be used with these scan heads.

 

Versions with analog or digital interfaces are available. The digital version can be simply controlled via a PCI interface board or PC-independent standalone board. LSSL scan heads are ideally suited for solutions requiring very high marking speeds and integration in confined spaces. Applications include coding in the packaging industry or the marking of electronic components – areas traditionally served by inkjet systems.

 

Optics

We precisely optimize and tune all optical components to one another to ensure maximum focus quality and stable process parameters. Optical components offered by us include exceptionally compact objectives, as well as objective adapters for standard objectives. Optics for various wavelengths, power densities, focal lengths and image fields are available.

 

Control

LSSL marking heads are equipped with either an analog or a digital standard interface accessible via a 25-pin D-SUB connector. They are easily controlled via PC interface board or the PC-independent standalone board from us.

 

Quality

The high quality is the result of years of experience in the development and manufacture of galvanometer optical scanners and scan systems. In addition, every scan system must first pass the quality check burn-in test before it is released for shipment to the customer.

 

 

Common Specifications (all angles are in optical degrees)

Precision & Stability

Repeatability (RMS) [urad]

<2.0

Positioning resolution [Bit]

16

Non-linearity

<3.5mrad/44

Temperature drift

offset [urad/K] <30
Gain [ppm/K] <80
Long term drift
8-h-drift (after 30min warm-up) <0.3mrad

Further Specifications

Optical performance
Typical scan angle [rad] ±0.35
Gain error [mrad] <5
Zero offset [mrad] <5

Power requirement

±15 VDC, 3A each

Interface
Digital

XY2-100 or SL2-100

Analog ±4.8V

Operating Temperature (°C)

25  ± 10

 

Product-Dependent Specifications (all angles are in optical degrees)

Part number

LSSL-xxx-7-XS

LSSL-xxx-10-S

LSSL-xxx-14-M

Aperture

7mm

10mm

14mm

Beam displacement

9.98mm

12.54mm

16.42mm

Dynamic Performance

Tracking error

 

0.14ms

 

0.16ms

 

0.30ms

Step Response Time

(settling to 1/1000 of full scale)

1% of full scale

10% of full scale

 

 

0.25ms

0.70ms

 

 

0.40ms

1.2ms

 

 

0.65ms

1.6ms

Typical speeds

Marking speed

Positioning speed

Writing speed with good writing quality

Writing speed with high writing quality

 

2.5m/s

15.0m/s

900cps

600cps

 

2.0m/s

10.0m/s

640cps

400cps

 

1.0m/s

7.0m/s

410cps

280cps

Weight (without objective)

650g

1.9kg

2.3kg

Outline & dimensions (mm)

78x69x77

115x96x94

133x99x105

 

STRM Series Digital Marking Heads

STRM-Atom Series is a totally digital 2D galvanometer system. Embedded control system guaranteed the servo loop operation. It is compact, stable and cost-efficiency. It is the basic version of STRM series scanheads. Mirrors of general wavelength is available, like 1064nm, 532nm 355nm, 10.6um.Suitable
for laser marking, microscope, drilling, trimming and cutting etc.
 

Specifications

 (All angles are in optical degrees)

Aperture

10mm

Beam displacement

13mm

Tracking error time

220us

Offset drift

75urad/K

Gain drift

200ppm/K

Step response time

 

1% of full scale

0.3ms

10% of full scale

0.8ms

Marking speed (1)

2m/s

Positioning speed

12m/s

Writting speed (2)

 

             Good quality

500cps

             High quality

450cps

Repeatability

< 22urad

Drift over 8 hours (After 30min warm-up)

< 0.3mrad

Typical scan angle

40 degrees

Interface (3)

XY2-100 Enhanced

Operating temperature

25°C±10°

Power requirements

±15V DC, 150W

Driver mode

Digital

Resolution

16Bit

Max laser power (4)

100W

(1)with F-Theta objective, f=160mm

(2)single-stroke characters of 1mm height

(3)XY2-100 Enhanced with status feedback

(4)The mirror of 1064nm can stand max laser power

 

STRM-Q 10/12/14/20/30

STRM-QUANTUM series is totally digital 2D galvanometer system. System operate based on the embedded platform. It is compact, stable and high quality. More fast and accuracy. The offset drift and gain drift are very low. Mirrors of typical laser wavelength is available and optimized for inertial and stiffness. Suitable for high end application like ITO scratching, laser micro processing etc. (Added water and air cooling function to 20 and 30 to improve the stability of the system.)

 

Specifications

(All angles are in optical degrees)

 

STRM-Q 10

STRM-Q 12

STRM-Q 14

Aperture

10mm

12mm

14mm

Beam displacement

13mm

14.5mm

18.1mm

Tracking error time

130us

160us

160us

Offset drift

30urad/K

30urad/K

30urad/K

Gain drift

50ppm/K

50ppm/K

50ppm/K

Step response time

 

 

 

1% of full scale

0.3ms

0.3ms

0.5ms

10% of full scale

0.8ms

0.8ms

1ms

Marking speed (1)

2.5m/s

2m/s

2m/s

Positioning speed

15m/s

11m/s

8m/s

Writting speed (2)

 

 

 

             Good quality

800cps

660cps

660cps

             High quality

500cps

410cps

410cps

Repeatability

< 15urad

< 15urad

< 15urad

Drift over 8 hours (After 30min warm-up)

< 0.1mrad

< 0.1mrad

< 0.1mrad

Typical scan angle

40 degrees

40 degrees

40 degrees

Interface (3)

XY2-100 Enhanced

XY2-100 Enhanced

XY2-100 Enhanced

Operating temperature

25°C±10°

25°C±10°

25°C±10°

Power requirements

±15V DC, 150W

±15V DC, 150W

±15V DC, 150W

Driver mode

Digital

Digital

Digital

Resolution

16Bit

16Bit

16Bit

Max laser power (4)

100W

100W

100W

(1)with F-Theta objective, f=160mm

(2)single-stroke characters of 1mm height

(3)XY2-100 Enhanced with status feedback

(4)The mirror of 1064nm can stand max laser power

 

 

STRM-Q20

STRM-Q30

Aperture

20mm

30mm

Beam displacement

26.5mm

36.5mm

Tracking error time

360us

550us

Offset drift

30urad/K

30urad/K

Gain drift

50ppm/K

50ppm/K

Marking speed

1m/s

0.7m/s

Positioning speed

6m/s

3m/s

Writing speed

 

 

           Good quality (1)

320cps

220cps

           High quality (2)

210cps

150cps

Repeatability

<15urad

< 15urad

Drift over 8 hours

< 0.1mrad

< 0.1mrad

(After 30min warm-up)  Typical scan angle

40 degrees

40 degrees

Interface

XY2-100 Enhanced

XY2-100 Enhanced

Operating temperature

25°±10°

25°±10°

Power requirements

±15V DC, 150W

±15V DC, 150W

Driver mode

Digital

Digital

Resolution

16Bit

16Bit

Max laser power (3)

1000W

5000W

(1) with F-Theta objective, f=160mm   

(2) single-stroke characters of 1mm height  

(3) The mirror of 1064nm can stand max laser power in air cooling 

 

LSGT Series Digital Marking Heads

 

LSGT digital marking heads are suitable for laser marking systems, especially in fiber laser marking and CO2 flying marking applications. They have a good cost performance but the pricing is attractive.

 

The high quality of our products is the result of the combination of the digital servo driver technology and the reliable manufacturing of the micro motor. All elements of the systems are manufactured with high standard. The digital servo can efficiently reduce the electromagnetic interference around the space. We make the products suitable for long-term and continuous use.

 

 

Technical specifications

Part number

LSGT-xxx-10-S10B

LSGT/2-xxx-10-S10B

Aperture [mm]

10

Step response time 1% of full scale [ms]

0.25

                               10% of full scale [ms]

0.49

Typical tracking error [ms]

0.21

Repeatability [urad]

20

Long term offset drift over 8 hours [mrad]

0.3

Typical scan angle [rad]

0.78

Gain drift [ppm/K]

150

Offset drift [urad/K]

30

Operating temperature range[℃]

15 to 35

Power supply voltage DC [V]

±15

Max. average current per axis [A]

3

Command interface

digital(XY2-100 protocol )

Mirror reflection wavelength [nm]

1064(Nd:YAG) or 10600 (CO2)

Dimension [mm]

140x116x105

145x125x115

 

Dynamic Focusing Unit   Off-line Flying Marking/Encoding System    Laser Marking Software   D/A convertor

Sintec Optronics Pte Ltd

10 Bukit Batok Crescent #07-02 The Spire Singapore 658079

Tel: +65 63167112 Fax: +65 63167113  

E-mail: sales@sintec.sg sales@SintecOptronics.com

URL: http://www.sintec.sghttp://www.SintecOptronics.com

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